Plum Blossoms: The Best Early Spring Flower

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Large, white plum blossoms in the daytime.

Plum blossoms in Japan are stunning! If you plan a late April sakura vacation to Japan, consider the mid-February Ume Matsuri, the plum blossom festival. This Japanese event lets you avoid crowds and exorbitant prices. Hanami, the traditional flower viewing event, includes plum and cherry blossoms.

Ume blooms are white, pink, or deep red and are more fragrant than cherry blossoms. Plum blossoms bloom before cherry blossoms, signaling spring. The Ume Matsuri immerses visitors in Japanese culture with tea rituals and music performances.

Ume groves and plum blossom-adorned parks and temples can also be peaceful. Plum blossoms are less recognized than cherry blossoms, but they offer a different and magnificent experience worth considering when visiting Japan.

What are Plum Blossoms?

Surprisingly, hanami is a relatively modern phenomenon. During the Heian period (794-1185 CE), the cherry tree became accessible to everyday people. Before this period, the coveted tree and its light pink flowers were a luxury. The nobility purposefully kept them exclusive; only the highest society members could access them.

Pink ume blossoms on a large tree.
Ume blossoms are underrated compared to cherry blossoms. Image via Shutterstock

That’s not to say the celebration of the blooming of seasonal flowers in Japan didn’t extend outside of the aristocratic class before the Heian period or the spread of the cherry tree. The blooming of the ume (plum blossom) tree signified the beginning of spring. China introduced these plum trees during the Nara period (710-784 CE). Afterward, their dark pink petals inspired ume matsuri (plum blossom festivals). 

Ume blossoms during the daytime. They are white.
Plum blossoms come in both pink and white. Image via Shutterstock

Not only do periods of history separate the celebrations of the two fruit-bearing trees, but also the time their flowers appear. The cherry tree blooms in late April, producing pastel pink flowers extending in clusters off the tree’s main branches. 

White plum blossoms in the snow on a cloudy day.
Plum blossoms are late winter flowers. Image via Shutterstock

The plum tree’s dark pink flowers form in independent sections directly on the branch and begin to appear as early as February. For that reason, plum blossoms represent the onset of spring and, more poetically, hope and perseverance amidst hardship. 

Symbolism

This symbolism is treated as something akin to reverential, playing an integral role in early Japanese poetry and art. Before the adaption of the Gregorian calendar, the term ume represents the early spring period across traditional art forms such as haiku and poetry. 

A painting of pink plum blossoms in the sumi-e style.
Plum blossoms are a famous Japanese symbol. Image via Shutterstock

Of course, the significance of the plum blossom isn’t only a poetic expression. This imagery can also be found in traditional Japanese paintings, as a popular motif on kimonos, and even represents a whole suit in the 19th-century Japanese card game Hanafuda

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Plum Blossom Viewing in Contemporary Japan 

So, now you know the history of ume matsuri in Japan. You even know when to visit to see the Japanese plum blossoms in full bloom. The question now is where in Japan should you go, and what will be waiting for you when you get there? No need to worry. You’re in no way facing a shortage of options. 

Out of focus people having a hanami among white plum blossoms.
Hanami for plum blossoms is ume matsuri. Image via Shutterstock

Tokyo’s go-to urban center for Ume Matsuri is the Japanese Garden in Koishikawa Korakuen. Less than 20 minutes from Tokyo’s imperial palace by train, this park contains around 150 ume trees. These gardens date back to the country’s Edo Period (1603-1868 C.E.) and have long been an oasis for plum blossom viewing amongst the urban bustle. 

For those both willing to travel and wanting to view Japan through the eyes of its history, Japan’s Ibaraki Prefecture is home to the gardens of Kairakuen. Located only a 2-hour train ride from Tokyo Station, this garden hosts over 3000 ume trees and holds a title as being one of the Three Great Gardens of Japan. 

A stone statue next to plum blossom trees.
These flowers are still a significant part of Japan today. Image via Shutterstock

For those who want to delve into adventure, Fukuoka Prefecture houses the Dazaifu Tenmangu Shrine—built in 905 C.E.; the grounds of this Shinto shrine host over 6000 Ume Trees in 167 different varieties. This off-the-beaten-path option is the ultimate viewing experience for all things ume matsuri and Japanese historical tradition. 

Those who have thought of visiting Japan have heard of cherry blossoms and the traditional affairs surrounding them. However, by delving into the lesser-known celebrations of the ume blossoms, you’ve uncovered an earlier beautiful season of blooming flowers. 

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